One of the best ways to clear pests from your home is to use fumigants.
Fleas can easily embed themselves in carpets and furniture pieces which can often be found in offices and structural buildings. Regular cleaning or washing sometimes just doesn’t make up for eliminating these pesky insects as they can easily jump from one object to another. As a result, most building owners are left without choice but resort to fumigation.
What is Flea and Pest Fumigation?
Fumigation is a pest control method that involves completely filling areas with fumigants or gaseous pesticides. These substances are released to suffocate and even poison pests within, including termites and woodborers. It is a procedure that is not only used to resolve flea issues within buildings but also to prevent transmission of exotic organisms between goods that are subject for importation and exportation. There are several phases involved in the process of fumigation. First is the preparation phase. Fumigation is a procedure that is associated with a lot of dangers. Hence, it is very important to look into measures on how to guard against possible health hazards that can result from exposure to fumigation chemicals.
Steps before fumigating buildings
Here are some essential things to keep in mind prior to fumigating buildings:
- No one should be inside the building during the process.
- All plants should be removed.
- All pets and animals should be kept out the area.
- Food, medications and other essentials must be sealed in plastic.
- No vehicle should be exposed to the gases.
- Mattresses and sofa pillows should be removed.
- Medicines not sealed in metal or glass containers should be removed.
- All air conditioning systems must be turned off.
- Closet doors, cupboards, and drawers must be opened before fumigation.
- Cabinets, lockers, vaults and safes should be unlocked and remain open.
The second phase is the main fumigation procedure. This includes covering the entire area intended to be fumigated, creating a properly sealed environment. After having the area secured, fumigants shall be released into the atmosphere. The space must remain closed and inaccessible for a specific period just to have the fumigant gases percolating through, acting on and killing any infestation. After the fumigation period, which usually lasts from 15-30 hours, the fumigated space must be ventilated to have the gases escape. This can mean leaving all the doors or windows open and using fans to exhaust chemical fumes remaining. It must also be ensured that a qualified professional is present to measure the chemical fume levels inside the fumigated structure for safety purposes.
Techniques for structural fumigation typically differ from one building to another. In fumigating houses, a tent is placed over, covering the entire structure, while releasing pesticides into the residence. This procedure is referred to as tenting or tent fumigation. Sealed tents concentrate the gases and prevent them from affecting the neighborhood. Tenting is a process that may last to a week though, depending on what fumigants are used, how severe the infestation case is and how large the building is. One of the most commonly used fumigants back in the day was methyl bromide. However, its use and production was consequently halted by Montreal Protocol because of its contributory role to ozone depletion. Other widely used fumigants are lodoform, formaldehyde, sulfuryl fluoride, hydrogen cyanide, methyl isocyanate, chloropicrin, 1,3-dichloropropene and phosphine. The chemicals are toxic and can have adverse effects on both humans and animals. Symptoms that trace over-exposure to these gases include double vision, fatigue, dizziness, breathing difficulties, coughing, headaches and nausea. People who experience these symptoms must immediately seek medical attention. Post operation area ventilation is especially critical in the process of fumigation. Operators must be able to distinguish between the source or pack of fumigant gases and the area into which these have been fumigated. Although fumigant packs may have already been spent and are rendered safe, spaces may still hold fumigant gases and shall hence require proper ventilation. Fumigation is one very hazardous process. This is why it is generally required by law that operators hired to carry out the procedure hold official certification for the operation.
The Use of Industrial Flea Prevention Fog Machines
A growing number of pest control service providers use equipment that is called an industrial fog machine. Fog machines, also commonly known as smoke machines, are devices that emit dense vapor appearing similar to smoke or fog. You may be familiar of these devices as they are also used in several professional entertainment applications, such as for artificial fog we see in plays and movies. However, more than just that, these devices are also used in training, military and several industrial applications, including pest control Ultra Low Volume or ULV fogging is widely used by both cleaning companies and pest control industry. ULV refers to the size of droplets that are generated by the fog machines. These droplets have sizes ranging from 20 to 30 micrometers. This very fine size is considered an optimum size especially for eliminating pests, as opposed to that of the traditional thermal fog machine technology which had difficulty affecting crawling roaches, rodents and fleas. Small droplets from traditional machines tend to be blocked by air-curtains of these insects.
Fog machines come in two types: those that release heated fog and those that release chilled fogs. In pest co
ntrol, chilled fog machines are of most use for indoor applications. The cold fogging is rendered the best for penetrating through air-curtains of pests. They are also light enough, making for even distribution throughout rooms. Cold fog machines work by having pesticides compressed through specially designed nozzles, producing a fine cold aerosol or mist. Many electric portable versions have been made available and are considered most ideal for exterminations indoors. These types are less noisy and also don’t produce any exhaust gas. Cold foggers can be used both for water and oil based solutions. The other type, thermal foggers are those that heat disinfectants and pesticides mixed with oil solutions. These produce fog that is visible and very dense, with droplets around the size of 10 microns. Thermal fogging has been considered most ideal for outdoor disinfection. It is not advisable for indoor applications as it produces a dangerous level of exhaust gas. There have also been made several more advancements in the field of pest control technology. Some companies have begun manufacturing dual function thermal foggers. These are those that are able to fog solutions that are water-based. Here are some of the most common disinfectants used for fogging are:
- Formaldehyde – a toxic solution that kills both fungi and bacteria
- Hypochlorite – a disinfectant most commonly used to fog places that are hard to reach
- Polyaminopropyl Biguanide – a bactericidal with low toxicity
- Potassium Peroxymonosulfate – multi-purpose disinfectant used to control pathogens
- Hydrogen Peroxide – a high level disinfectant commonly used in hospitals. Its silver nitrate content makes it safer from inducing allergic reactions.
As with all other chemical substances, disinfectants and pesticides fueled into fog machines can also bring several adverse effects on people’s health. These effects include:
- Breathing hazards
- Allergic reactions
- Eye irritation
- Respiratory tract irritation
- Dry throat, headaches, and dizziness
It is very important that building owners look into the process of industrial pest control with assistance and guidance from expert exterminators. Flea control and prevention operations are deemed hazardous as they involve toxic chemicals. They shall only be carried out by licensed and certified professionals. Top Flea Bite Treatments for the home